1918 Germany Notgeld Iron Coin 5 Pfennig Oberndorf Oberamt in Württemberg
Origin/Country: Germany, Empire
Authenticity is certified by
Numismatic Guaranty Corporation NGC
High graded fur such old coin as MS 62
Denomination: 5 Pfennig
Era:Germany - Empire (1871-1918)
Diameter: 17,0 mm octagonal
Catalogs: Lamb-380.1, Funck - 392.1
Notgeld (German for "emergency money" or "necessity money") refers to money issued by an institution in a time of economic or political crisis. The issuing institution is usually one without official sanction from the central government. This occurs usually when sufficient state-produced money is not available from the central bank. Most notably, notgeld generally refers to money produced in Germany and Austriaduring World War I and the Interbellum. Issuing institutions could be a town's savings banks, municipality and private or state-owned firms.
Notgeld was mainly issued in the form of (paper) banknotes. Sometimes other forms were used, as well: coins, leather, silk, linen, postage stamps, aluminium foil, coal, and porcelain; there are also reports of elemental sulfur being used, as well as all sorts of re-used paper and carton material (e.g. playing cards). These pieces made from playing cards are extremely rare and are known as Spielkarten, the German word for "playing card".
Notgeld was a mutually-accepted means of payment in a particular region or locality, but notes could travel widely. Notgeld is different fromoccupation money that is issued by an occupying army during a war.
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